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Hide No. 46790 [Reply]
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What does Ernst know about the lost country of Grand Tartary?
No. 46813
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That it's almost certainly bullshit (I don't like absolutes, weird shit happens). What's more likely is that talk of the Blue Turks, Uyghur Khanate, Attila's horde etc. got mixed in with the wectoid lack of understanding of how exactly territory works in that part of the world, to think of a megablob where it was just a bunch of tribe and/or clans in various barely-existing 'states'. Also keep in mind that for a long time, western scholarship considered Turkic people, Tatars and Mongolic people to all be from Tatary or Turkestan. A good understanding of the cultural divides wasn't really there. Hell, there were strange misnomers into the 1920s, like the Kazakh ASSR being named for the Kyrgyz, who were not really part of its territory.

Regarding communist rewriting: true but it was to eliminate the 'counterrevolutionary' bits. They weren't fans of the Alash leaders for example, and in general a lot of the oral tradition was frowned upon for fear of it being nationalist and/or separatist.

Second post. The first one refers to a book I'm only seeing on conspiracy sites at first glance (not a good look) and 2 even they say it's from the mid nineteenth century, so well within the range of having remnants of builders in the area, even back to Timur who brought about a very particular style of architecture whose earliest example is in Kazakhstan (nomad territory) iirc. Assuming a legitimate source, this speaks more to the authors ignorance than anything else.

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No. 46840
I only saw it a couple of times on 4chan's /his/ and I thought a couples of schizos force some meme. Soon the idiots will dig up the mysterious lands of far Turkestan...
No. 46871
Conquest of Siberia is a fascinating period, it was extremely quick for territory as huge as it is. Even if all of the square kilometers of land werent occupied in the military sense until much later (possibly during USSR), the authority still managed to spread from Muscovy all the way to Pacific ocean in less than a century.

Whatever the warbands encountered in Siberia offered such incoherent resistance that even irregular troops and mercenaries and just highwaymen managed to penetrate it, and then absorb in almost no time.

But for all that must have happened there's almost no historic account. Loads and loads of crew and cargo manifests, lists of supplies, weapons, men and animals and money spent, but not much in prose.
No. 48615
you are so fucking annoying

Hide No. 45729 [Reply]
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Are there separate educational institutions that cater to the four different native language groups of Switzerland? Are there separate German schools, French schools and Italian schools? Do German-speaking children learn French and vice versa?
No. 47071
Also such maps as posted by OP can mislead if you don't know what the colours mean.
I think French and "German" for a large part have a fairly stable linguistic border, with little thoroughly mixed territory. I think there isn't such a clear-cut border for territories with relatively high proportions of speakers of R. vs. almost monolingually "German" territory.
No. 47094
Totally unrelated for the most part but how much are the French and German parts of your borderzone blurred? Because when I went to some family thing a year ago or whatever it was somebody brought up the area of where that part of the family comes from I think? I forget but someone said something and it occurred to me looking at my family how much they all actually looked like they were part French as much if not more than part German. So ever since then I've actually been wondering if we've actually come from a French family that happened to be living inside German territory.
No. 48452
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>Totally unrelated for the most part but how much are the French and German parts of your borderzone blurred?
You mean the Romance–Germanic linguistic border in eastern France near Germany, right?

I can't tell from first-hand experience, having only spent a couple of minutes in that area after taking a wrong lane in Basel and accidentally emerging in France, so the following may be wrong.

In today's southwestern Germany, I think there has not been any indigenous Romance-speaking territory for many centuries, and no continuous minority communities either, unless you include urban expat communities whose members either assimilate or leave, never keeping French for more than a generation within any one family, unless perhaps Huguenot refugee communities long ago, if there even were any in those parts.

In today's eastern France, I think the situation in 2020 is very different from 1870. I think in 2020, the Germanic topolects are on the way out. I would be surprised if the 19th and 20th centuries didn't see the educational systems on both sides of the border exerting strong pressure to discourage the use of the "wrong" language or topolect, hoping this will in the long term turn everyone into loyal subjects of the respective nation state. My guess is that in 1870 (and perhaps as late as the 1940s), what would after the war become Alsace-Lorraine consisted of monolingually Germanic-speaking areas as well as mixed areas with varying percentages of Romance speakers, probably with few discernible linguistic borders, plus – in the far west – small amounts of monolingually Romance-speaking territory which Prussia-Germany deemed too economically or militarily advantageous to not annex in 1871, whereas in less important areas, the new border somewhat aligned with the linguistic one of westernmost extent of Germanic or significant Germanic minorities. So, west of Alsace-Lorraine, no significant minorities of Germanic speakers. East of Alsace-Lorraine, no significant minorities of Romance speakers, see above. Romance presence always less significant in Alsace than Lorraine.

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No. 49267 Kontra
Yes but it’s complicated. There is a core educational bureau in the capital. But most of the power, as often in Switzerland is given to the cantons, our holy political divisions. So there is drastically different educational system inside a linguistic group. There’s some kind of agreement between language group but it’s pretty weak. For exemple, in bilingual cantons, the kids will have the type of educational system no matter their languages.

Hide No. 48450 [Reply]
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So what actually marks the boundaries of what it means to be human, a person, or between human and personhood?

This might sound like a really dumb question but when you actually inspect it you'll notice that there's all kinds of legal, moral, ethical, philosophical, genetic/scientific, anthropological, and other issues and controversies inherent to this. Among this are things like abortion and being a moral agent, and at which points you cannot be considered a moral agent and/or vested with the full rssponibilities to "personhood" as well as which signifiers stretch as beyond the "mere beast" and into becoming fully Man a great deal of which are shared radically among many other species to the extent that some of them could be arguably proven to hold greater capacities in some areas than notable members of our own, such as empathy in psychopaths--which itself further begs the question of where someone like a psychopath falls along those lines of personhood, being human, and what is meant by "shared humanity" which they abundantly lack, and what their full legal and moral culpability is considered to be as opposed to a full grown adult man who may do the same thing but is not given the death penalty because he's clinically retarded, and how that man will be imprisoned rather than someone who is fully psychotic and simply put in a mental hospital all for the same crimes. It begs the question of behaviorism and the limitations of Western categorical inquiries as well, which though it's clear most things in life outside computers are not either/or binaries those loose categories can at times be helpful.

I ask this now partly because Man's relationship to doge is somehow the most human thing ever to me, but also because lately I've been mulling over the question after realizing the extent to which certain people are so totally lacking the components of both empathy AND intellect so as to be barely distinguishable to me as something that can be called a true person, or is at the very minimum indistinguishable from a bot.

Hide No. 48345 [Reply]
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Other people in lockdown too? Adelaide is not fucking around with that sort of things.
No. 48393 Kontra
Oh shit should've finished the thread first, self kontra

I know even here it might be unpopular due to anti-oldmedia mouthbreathers but you should check out the US news outlets like NBC on this. I really feel particularly bad for our medical personnel, who have to first deal with death threats by Qtards who think they're "in on it" to "spread plandemic propaganda against Trump" and then have to see the same coofers in their ICU insisting they just have a flu because "Covid isn't real" while trying to not get pozzed themselves.

And thus ends the question I had developed over a year ago which is what it would look like for me to go back in time to the plague and try to instruct these superstitious peasant bydlo on what infectious disease is and how to cure themselves, which at the time I'd concluded my only option would be to risk running afoul of the Pope as I told them to take a special euacharist blessed by God Himself which was actually just penicillin infused bread not legitimate Jesus biscuits. The interesting thing is how inadequate to downright aggressively counterproductive the authorities usually are in every epidemic stretching back to antiquity. There's some great docus on the "Spanish" Flu and one of the interesting things is how hard Philadelphia got utterly fucked because they held a huge parade with politicians actively working contrary to itself inadequate health advice (but still accurate policy) and with dumbasses even 102 years ago arguing against masks.

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No. 48394
That's because it is not actually a health strategy--it is an economic one. People like DeSantis, Trump, his lapdog Atlas, and all the others are solely concerned about Kushner's shekels, because a quarter million consumers and employees is easily repleacableespecially with pro-business mass immigration policies you can then blame on Marxists or some silly shit but a stock shekel is priceless.

It's largely the same more or less in every large epidemic. The political and wealthy elites panic about losing influence and wealth and immediately begin downplaying it or claiming it cannot happen here while sending the peasants back to work and die while they themselves all flee to the countryside as the urban centers start piling up with corpses. Somehow a sufficient number of bydlo themselves end up not recognizing that is exactly what they are doing. This is frequently followed by pro-labour policies and reforms. It also often coincides with wars, climatic shifts, and/or famines. Nearly all pandemics happen because of war or trade.
No. 48427 Kontra
And why is that? Because they didn't do it right the first time because of the exact same arguments. This shortsightedness is even worse than the 50s nuclear testing. Fucking bunch of idiots, I hate politicians so, so much.
No. 48431
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I hope that you guys are stockpiled as we've already began slamming into full on shortages, including toilet paper
My kingdom, my kingdom for an arsewipe

Hide No. 47353 Systemkontra [Reply]
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No. 48407
I experienced more than two dozen blackouts in my life, candles are extremely important if you don't want to go insane with no electricity. You can't read, you can't play, you can't watch anything and instead you simply stare into the literal abyss for hours til you grow bored and fall asleep.
No. 48408
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The general state of affairs on the part of the students is appalling.
It just doesn't feel like people take university seriously.

I don't understand how you can say that "everything they teach us is made up meme bullshit" while being at a humanities department.
I mean, why are you even here if not for the capital H Humanities the average prole on the street considers "made up meme bullshit"?
Why not become a bricklayer instead or something?
Where is the passion? Maybe this is the best way of describing it. There's a serious lack of passion and interest.

Some can't even use a fucking dictionary or a keyboard, or maybe they're just so fucking starved for social interaction that they ask stupid questions to fill in the void.

Nobody takes anything seriously. If everything is so inconsequential, then why not just jump off the operating table right after being born?
Maybe I'm just beginning to lose it.

It just feels like that the 2000-2001 generation is all things considered a failure. People constantly tell us that the class/group coming before us didn't have problems with the things we have problems with.

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No. 48411
>It just doesn't feel like people take university seriously.
If Hungary is anything like the US, most people who go to university go simply because it's expected of them. It's just another bourgeois rite of passage.

>The lesson for today is:
>Stop caring about the retardation of others because I'm probably just as retarded, I just can't see it because of my over-inflated ego.
This is the best attitude to take, but don't loose your chuunibyou seriousness. It's a necessary condition to succeed in anything that matters in life.
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Hide No. 48382 [Reply]
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Hello Ernst,

could we please forget about all the hypes about Bitcoin etc. and just focus on the technical aspects?

Which cryptocurrency has the best specs? I'm talking in terms of actually using them as payment form, not this whole blockchain contract thing.

Which currency pays fast, is secure, anonymous(?), environmentally-friendly....

I just stumbled across Digibyte and I guess that one is just one of >9000 Altcoins. But its payment speed is 400x faster than Bitcoin and also much faster than Litecoin.

Currently I'm also paying my new VPN subscription using Bitcoin. First I had to convert my remaining Moneros to Bitcoin which took me about 20 min. Then I sent the Bitcoins and after 30 mins I only have 2 confirmations. Yes, I didn't want to spent much money on the fees.

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No. 48384
Hello OP, I'm cryptotrader since mid 2016 and my favorite coins are:
>Ethereum [ETH]
most popular Turing-complete decentralized smart contract platform, basically minecraft and lego of cryptos.
>Monero [XMR] Zcash [ZEC]
privacy oriented coins
>Augur [REP] Kleros [PNK]
decentralized prediction markets and oracles (smart contracts that provide data into blockchain) on ethereum
>Uniswap [UNI] Gnosis [GNO] Balancer [BAL]
decentralized exchanges (DEXes)

Hide No. 48278 [Reply]
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Is the immerwährender Reichstag the perfect allegory for the EU?

Do Germans know of it?

No. 48309 Kontra
I think you're just being rude (which is what I would call Kohlkrebs), but I may be missing something here: Anyone care to point to an explanation of what a "low effort" thread is, and why it is frowned upon? I don't think I've come across this in /int/ when I was younger.
t. Grandpa
No. 48320 Kontra
>Anyone care to point to an explanation of what a "low effort" thread is
I'm not an authority on grading threads, but I would have liked to see OP highlight specific similarities between the Perpetual Reichstag and the EU. Those could then be used as a starting point to discuss how there may, or may not, be historical parallels between the two. On the positive side, wiki gave a decent summary so I'm glad he included that.

To address OP's question: I'm not an expert on either body, but the EU has elected representatives, while the Reichstag was composed of political envoys. This is at least one major difference between them.

Polite Kontra.
No. 48322 Kontra
The low effort comes from yanking random article from Wikipedia and combining it with at topic that raises opinions, like EU.

OP was like hurr durr isn't EU like a perpetual parliament hahahaha hurr durr.

The Wiki clearly state that the reason for it being in session for a long time was that they feared the emperor wouldn't summon it again. So in order to be relevant they continued the session. (The English, my German isn't good enough to read it)

OP hasn't read the article or if he had he just didn't understand. He just wanted to post shit.

Not polite contra and pleas let it die. If you want to discuss it just make a new thread with a not shit post.
No. 48434 Kontra
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Thank you, I appreciate you(r?) answering me. I guess when I used EC long ago, I didn't notice animosity towards "low effort" thread starters, possibly because there were none in my sight. Also, I think I have by now noticed that experience has led to politics being seen here as something that can easily ruin a board's atmosphere, and hence being discussed sparingly and carefully compared to, say, early 2010s KC. I'll try to keep it in mind. And no, I don't want to discuss similarities between IWRT and EU either.

Hide No. 48229 [Reply]
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Where people do get energy from to get things done?
No. 48246
That is some fuckin impressive runglish. That is like KC 2011 tier.

But anyway a lot of these people are young, and they are also often passionate. Or they eat and sleep well enough. I'm often able to exert a great deal of energy at work but I'm a total slug most of the rest of the time.

Actually you know what come to think of it there's really only two things in life I've ever approached with that kind of violent enthusiasm, and that was schtupping and drinking. All of the rest if I ever did so was rather out of annoyed impatience to get rid of it from my experience as swiftly and at times sloppily as possible.
No. 48252
Sleeping just enough.
Holding undying contempt for most people and their mediocrity.
A relatively balanced diet.
Taking baby steps.
No. 48271
>I don't think that there is a secret to motivation applicable to everyone.
In my experience Ritalin/Adderall can be that, since they boost the reward mechanism in your heda such that normally tiresome/mundane things become engaging.
But this comes with several huge caveats:
  1. You need to actually do the thing you intended to do, otherwise you'll just do something else that gives reward.
2.Insomnia, withdrawal, personality changes, etc. Also risk of mania in some.
3. Eventual tolerance/dependence for some. Not all. I'd compare it to alcohol consumption in that regard.

Like alcohol, this is a mind-altering drug that is often used to cope with an dissatisfying environment, rather than changing the environment. But for many people, the cope is the best they're probably going to realize. The 5+ years I've been medicated have been far more stable and amicable than the former years of my life, at the very least because I actually feel engaged during the day.
No. 48279
Stims are a huge crutch that do long term damage and are not just fucking up your brain and heart but also causing personality warping. Part of the big problem and easiest trap to fall into with stims is because as you said, you need to will yourself to be focused on the project first otherwise you're going to spend like 8 hours looking at porn or reading wiki articles or vidya or whatever, but secondly it is that you'll come to think you need that drug to get shit done. It'll eventually get to the point where you've convinced yourself you can't work without it, and will try less and less. It's like relying on a mobility scooter for force of will. Sure it'll feel great not needing to exercise your muscles at first, but whatever willpower and motivation you already had will start to atrophy. Finally you'll come to realize you are getting less and less done on more and more drugs and that they are beginning to profoundly damage you.
t. Went to college

I probably got less done for more effort on Adderall than had I simply drank a few cups of coffee. Some of the hogwash I created was legitimately fucking schizophrenic sounding too, which after enough time without good food and sleep will happen. I did once write a good paper--after using the literally psychotic rambling bullshit I wrote as a very rough first draft before writing like three separate versions. So there is that approach.

I would personally say that it's outright useless to anybody with an internet connection.

Hide No. 25432 [Reply]
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Let's talk about operating systems.

I've used vista, 7, and 10 over the years, and 7 was definitely the best. I didn't mind vista, despite the memes about crashes.
10 is flat nonsense design wise, and there are a number of big problems. Telemetry, forced updates, and text scaling to name a few.
It baffles me that Microsoft can get by with producing complete shit with their money and market share.

I got a used macbook a few years ago when I was in the market for a laptop, and I really do enjoy it. It runs everything I need, it's efficient, and it doesn't look like shit.
If macs weren't so fucking expensive, I would buy one to replace my main machine.

I really do love Linux. You can make it into anything you want. I used it a lot as a teen. But the problem with Linux is a lack of software support.

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No. 47888
>Most serious people use Apple for desktop
Why the fuck do people say or think like this. I've been using Apple basically on and off since childhood and it fucking sucks. Holy Jesus do I hate every goddamn thing about Apple in fact the only time in my entire lifelong experience with those pieces of crap I was okay with it was the constantly crashing PowerMac we had as a kid. That I was okay with. I could even tolerate the crashing even if it gave me a lifelong paranoia resulting in literally gigabytes worth of save files because of my pathological reflexive saving in case I have to go back. It's like an OS PTSD. I hit ctrl s and f5 and go to the menu every chance I get, even in roguelikes, even in ironman modes, and put the save file on a fucking USB, if only because of having to deal with Apple.

Look my dude I'm sorry for the rant but Apple is by far the most obnoxious operating systems which suits it for being from the most obnoxious tech company with the most obnoxiously proprietary hardware in existence.
No. 47897
Reminds me when I tried to open a 5go video with feh by accident, my computer just choked until I had to hard reboot it. I probably already did but try to look for software specifically created to open and edit RAW files. Or maybe you could process it in several chunks with imagemagick.
No. 47898
Apple is pretty but not good for anything else. So for painting pretty pictures it works. It is UNIX though.

Most people doing lectures and talks use Apple. They have deals with universities I think. (Unless they are 1337 haxx0rs. Then they use Linux.)

It isn't a serious post. Don't bother.
No. 47899
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Yeah and this is partly why it's used. It also seems to appeal to boomers for some reason, who still flip out and ask me for help which sometimes it's like "I don't use that OS." They made deals with unis which come to think of it that may also be a large part of why so many of these retarded woketard hipsters tend to use it. I've always favored Windows because I'm too lazy and retarded for Linux or any actually good OS and could deal with its acceptability for being very user friendly to non-boomers but that's quickly started changing with everything after XP to varying degrees. Thank God I don't put up with that abomination that was 8.1 but a lot of things about 10 still end up pissing me off like the control panel. It feels less and less like an OS over time and more like a completely locked down console (the gaming type, not the good type of console for commands). iOS otoh has always felt exactly like the shitty hardware which is to make you feel like a serf and the corporation owns everything, and that only their priests are allowed to touch tech you illiterate peasant. Feels just like trying to figure out how to open up and upgrade hardware--and it fucking freezes and crashes all the time even now. Yet Apple users still will say "but Windows crashes."

Hide No. 47639 Lock [Reply]
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Who are you voting for? Why?

Yuros, who would you vote for?

I'll be voting for Donald J Trump not because I am particularly supportive of him - indeed I am out off by his demeanor and his style - but I see him as the lesser of two evils. A senile Biden would likely see Harris acting as president and besides they'll continue everything that was wrong about O-BOMB-A while also incorporating the worst aspects of the current left.

It's a lose-lose but I will choose the lesser evil
No. 47678 Kontra
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Great arguments right there, shows you know what you're talking about.